Basic first aid

Have fun, but be careful out there in the high desert

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Treating a bee sting

• Mark spot where the stinger is with a felt tip marker

• Remove stinger with tweezers or a credit card

• Wash area well

• Place a cold compress on the area

• Take an over-the-counter pain reliever, if needed

• Don't scratch — use hydrocortisone cream or Calamine lotion instead

• Call doctor if symptoms don't go away in two days

• Call 911 if you think you're having an allergic reaction or if you get stung several times

Treating heatstroke

• If someone appears confused or faints, call 911

• Move the person to shade

• Remove extra layers of clothing

• Elevate feet

• Pour cold water over person's chest and if you have ice packs, put in arm pits

• Keep person cool until help arrives

Treating a sprain

Sprained ligaments often swell rapidly and are painful. Generally, the greater the pain and swelling, the more severe the injury is. For most minor sprains, you probably can start initial injury treatment yourself.

• Rest the injured limb. Initially, a brace or splint may be helpful. And if you've sprained an ankle, avoid putting weight on it.

• Ice the area as soon as possible for 15-20 minutes, four to eight times a day for the first 48 hours. Be careful not to use the ice too long as it could cause tissue damage.

• Compress the area with an elastic wrap or bandage. Wraps or sleeves made from elastic or neoprene are best.

• Elevate the limb above your heart whenever possible to help prevent or limit swelling.

Sprains can take days to months to heal. See your doctor if your sprain isn't improving after two or three days.

Seek medical treatment for the sprain if:

• You're unable to bear weight on the injured leg, the joint feels unstable or numb, or you can't use the joint. This may mean the ligament was completely torn. On the way to the doctor, apply a cold pack.

• You develop redness or red streaks that spread out from the injured area. This may mean you have an infection.

• You have pain directly over the bones of an injured joint.

• You have re-injured an area that has been injured a number of times in the past.

• You have a severe sprain. Inadequate or delayed treatment may contribute to long-term joint instability or chronic pain.

My abuelita told me: use egg whites for burns

Whether you get burned in the kitchen or from the sun, the home remedies for treating minor burns range from egg whites to toothpaste. According to Dr. Juan Rivera on webMD.com, the best course of action is to run cold tap water over the affected area for 10-15 minutes. Then, apply aloe vera because it instantly soothes the skin, there are no side effects and it naturally speeds up healing. Dr. Rivera says egg whites are a "no-go" for treating a burn because raw eggs can contain salmonella, and you don't want that getting into an open wound.

— Staff report. Information compiled from webMD.com and mayoclinic.org

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